Schlagwort-Archive: FAA

FAA and EASA pledge strong cooperation

The Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) and European Union Aviation Safety Agency (EASA) have pledged to work together to meet the challenges of a fast-changing and evolving aviation industry and the increasing speed of development of future technologies. Leaders from the FAA and EASA discussed the renewed commitment at the 2024 International Aviation Safety Conference.

“We aim to promote a cooperative and collective approach to aviation safety and modernisation,” said FAA Administrator Mike Whitaker. “As we look to the next decade, establishing a unified strategic direction based on information sharing and collaboration with our international partners will meet the needs of our global aviation system of the future.”

“The aviation industry is in the fastest period of change since commercial flights began. New technologies are urgently needed to make the industry more sustainable. Other innovations, for example in artificial intelligence, are emerging rapidly, and we have a generational change in the workforce,” said Florian Guillermet, Executive Director of EASA. “It is more important than ever that international aviation regulators work together to accompany the changes and ensure safety needs are always met.”

Discussions in plenary sessions and side meetings at the three-day conference around the theme “Building foundations: Preparing for the next decade together” reinforced that strong collaboration between regulators is essential to keep pace with this rapid evolution.

The FAA and EASA pledge to:

  • prioritise enhancing cooperative efforts at all working levels between our organisations;
  • strengthen the focus and information exchange on safety oversight to promote a strong safety culture;
  • optimise our resources and fully leverage the US-EU Aviation Safety Agreement, encouraging our technical experts to work together and rely on one another to reduce duplication of effort, taking a risk-based approach;
  • deepen proactive collaboration on certification activities and operational frameworks for new and innovative technologies;
  • expand and target cooperation on rulemaking efforts earlier in the development process;
  • promote aviation sustainability, particularly activities on sustainable aviation fuel development and deployment;
  • partner to ensure that the goals of the Bilateral Enhancement Roadmap on certification activities are realised;
  • reinforce cooperation on the analysis and mitigation of systemic safety risks as well as innovation and future aviation technologies; and
  • facilitate exchange and information sharing on topical areas and emerging risks facing aviation safety, such as cybersecurity, conflict zones, and global positioning system / global navigation satellite system (GPS/GNSS) interference.

The FAA-EASA International Aviation Safety Conference brings together around 400 senior aviation professionals from regulators, manufacturers, airlines, and associations from all over the world. The event is held annually and is alternately hosted by the FAA and EASA. Next year’s conference will take place in Cologne on June 10-12, 2025.

Tecnam P-Mentor with FAA-Certificate

Tecnam announced that the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) has awarded a full Type Certificate to the P-MENTOR with the number A00067IB for Part 23 of the FAA Regulations. The aircraft manufacturer is now on track to begin deliveries to flight schools across the United States, starting with the first (20) to HCH Aviation in partnership with Stephen F. Austin State University in Austin, Texas, followed by Kilo Charlie Aviation in New Century, Kansas and EpicSky Flight Academy in Des Moines, Iowa.

The P-Mentor is a two-seat aircraft, powered by the Rotax 912isC3, featuring the Garmin G3X IFR touch screen suite with PBN/RNAV/AFCS capabilities, compliant with the latest CS-23 EASA & FAA amendments. The Mentor is a turnkey solution for many flight schools to train students from their first flight up to their CPL-IR on a single platform. With a variable pitch propeller, a simulated retractable landing gear and an optional ballistic parachute, the P-Mentor has everything flight schools are looking for in today’s market. The P-Mentor is designed to offer the best human-machine interface, resulting in the most effective and efficient VFR/IFR training. The generous fuel capacity will allow flight schools to fly all day without refuelling, which improves operational value. The P-Mentor’s fuel consumption is just 3.70 US Gal/h (14 lt/h) contributing to a very low cost of operations averaging $65 per hour.

The P-Mentor allows complete PPL, IR and UPRT training, with approved PBN/RNAV as well as AFCS: the entire training syllabus with unprecedented fuel consumption and emissions, further enhancing the renowned profitability of the Tecnam-made fleet. The entry into service of the P-MENTOR two-seater IFR training aircraft has been eagerly awaited by a large number of flight schools who have been demanding a replacement for the many hundreds of “legacy” FAR23/CS23 IFR training aircraft currently in service around the world. This aircraft will open up many profitable opportunities within the flight training market and revolutionize the training paradigm. Source: ‚Tecnam‚.

FAA Warning: Serious Navigation Failures

Since publishing Monday’s risk warning on complex navigation failures following fake GPS signals, we have received further concerning reports from operators, mirroring the same events. The impact of the nav failures is becoming clearer, with one operator almost entering Iranian airspace without clearance, and another left requiring ATC vectors all the way to their destination in Doha. In total, we now have 20 reports of almost identical situations. Full reports are in Version 2 of our Risk Warning (PDF), see further down. On Wednesday evening, the FAA issued a warning memo to aircraft operators as a result of the situation, warning of increased “safety of flight risk to civil aviation operations”.

Embraer Legacy 650: We nearly entered Iran airspace with no clearance
One of the new reports received since Monday was from an Embraer 650 crew en route from Europe to Dubai. They tell us, “In Baghdad airspace, we lost both GPS in the aircraft and on both iPads. Further, the IRS didn’t work anymore. We only realized there was an issue because the autopilot started turning to the left and right, so it was obvious that something was wrong. After a couple of minutes, we got error messages on our FMS regarding GPS, etc. So we had to request radar vectors. We were showing about 80 nm off track. During the event, we nearly entered Iran airspace (OIIX/Tehran FIR) with no clearance.

Challenger 604: Required vectors all the way to Doha
Another new crew report received since our first warning informs us: “Nearing north of Baghdad something happened where we must have been spoofed. We lost anything related to Nav and the IRS suggested we had drifted by 70-90 miles. We had a ground speed of zero and the aircraft calculated 250kts of wind. The FMSs reverted to DR (Dead Reckoning) and had no idea where they were.

We initially took vectors to get around the corner at SISIN. Nav capability was never restored, so we required vectors all the way from Iraq to Doha for an ILS. We never got our GPS sensors back until we fired up the plane and went back to home base two days later.

Concern grows over flight risk
With these additional reports, OPSGROUP has increased concerns over the situation:

  • Security risk: Navigation failures are occurring in close proximity to the Iranian border. One aircraft reported almost straying into Iranian airspace (Tehran FIR, OIIX) without a clearance. This area of the border is considered sensitive by Iran: there are two large missile bases just across the boundary: one at Kermansah (a huge facility with dedicated anti-aircraft weapons), and another at Khorramabad. For context, Iran shot down a passenger aircraft in 2020 in Tehran (accidentally), and has been heard in September 2023 issuing warnings on 121.5 with threats to shoot down aircraft entering the FIR without a clearance.
  • The Navigation failures are severe. The second report above highlights how the crew had no option but to request radar vectors – all the way to their final destination. In many other reports, most aircraft have no reliable onboard navigation, for periods of 20-30 minutes and in some cases an hour or more.
  • Compounding failures. Individually these incidents can mostly be resolved with the help of ATC. Consider, however, an ATC comms failure, ATC radar failure, or an emergency situation: engine failure, decompression, or even a medical divert. The workload would quickly become extreme, and diverting at night (when most flights are transiting the area) without basic navigation capability is not a scenario we want to deal with.
  • Inadequate guidance for crews: Current FCOM/AOM procedures available to aircrew are insufficient to capably deal with this new GPS spoofing issue. Having been shown to be possible, there is potential for it to occur elsewhere in the world.

FAA Warning Issued:
On Wednesday evening, the FAA released a memo for aircraft operators titled “Iraq/Azerbaijan – GPS Jamming and Spoofing Poses Safety Risk“.”
The memo advised that “Potential spoofing activities reported by various civil air operators in Iraq and Azerbaijan pose a safety of flight risk to civil aviation operations in the Baghdad (ORBB) and Baku (UBBA) Flight Information Regions (FIR).”
“The recent opensource reporting regarding spoofing incidents, if confirmed, would pose increased safety of flight risks, due to potential loss of aircraft situational awareness and increased pilot and regional air traffic control (ATC) workload issues, which can lead to potential accidents and/or loss of life.”
“FAA recommends that U.S. civil air operators transiting ORBB and UBBA monitor regional NOTAMs, put additional emphasis on maintaining continuous communications with appropriate air traffic control authorities while monitoring aircraft equipment performance closely for any discrepancies or anomalies, and to be prepared to operate without GPS navigational systems.”

Source: ‚OPS Group‚.

FAA approves unleaded fuel for piston fleet

The FAA signed on September 1 supplemental type certificates that allow General Aviation Modifications Inc.’s 100-octane unleaded fuel (G100UL) to be used in every general aviation spark-ignition engine and every airframe powered by those engines. The move was hailed by the industry as a major step in the transition to an unleaded GA future. The FAA’s approval of the use of G100UL fuel in all piston aircraft satisfies a longstanding goal of finding a solution that can be used for the entire GA piston fleet.

“I’m proud of GAMI, the industry team, and the FAA for persevering over the long term and getting a fuel that the FAA has recognized as a viable alternative to low lead,” AOPA President Mark Baker said. “It’s vital that we find solutions to what has been plaguing general aviation since the seventies. It’s certainly the biggest issue I have dealt with in my time at AOPA. This is a big deal,” Baker added, “but there is a lot of work yet to be done.”

In 2021 the FAA approved STCs for GAMI covering a smaller number of Cessna 172 engines and airframes, and then expanded the approved model lists (AML) to include essentially all lower-compression engine and airframe combinations. Though that was seen as an encouraging step forward in the yearslong path to supply unleaded aviation fuel to the piston aircraft fleet, the STCs did not include aircraft needing the higher-octane fuel that accounts for 60 to 70 per cent of avgas consumption. This latest announcement by the FAA addresses the needs of those higher-compression engines.

GAMI cofounder George Braly said, “This is a big day for the industry. It means that for a lot of our general aviation communities, and especially for a high fraction on the West Coast, relief is on the way. And it means that our industry will be able to go into the future and prosper, and provide the essential infrastructure for this country for everything from Angel Flights to critical training of our future airline pilots.” Braly thanked AOPA and the GA community for their support through this long process. “Without it we couldn’t have gotten this done,” he said. Braly has said that Ann Arbor, Michigan-based fuel supplier Avfuel is standing by to manage the logistics and distribution of G100UL, and said he is open to partnerships. “Our arrangement is that any qualified refiner or blender of existing aviation fuels will be eligible to produce and sell it subject to the quality assurance requirements that the FAA has approved,” he said.

When will G100UL reach airports and aircraft tanks?
The timing for when G100UL will reach airports is still uncertain. “It’s going to take a while to manage the infrastructure” including manufacturing and distribution, Braly said. The supply chain “is still a very wounded infrastructure and that’s not going to make the process any easier, but we have a handle on how to do this, and with the support of the major players I think we can do that. It’s going to be limited, to begin with, but it can be ramped up rapidly,” he said. Baker said it’s important to get any fuels approved for use in the California market as soon as practical, in light of the fact that some municipalities have prematurely banned the sale of leaded avgas and threatened a safe and smart transition to unleaded fuel. “It is a politically charged issue there, and this will help keep our airports open with fuel that works with all aircraft.” AOPA will also purchase a number of unleaded fuels to use in its fleet of piston aircraft used for GA travel and flight training, showing members it has full confidence in FAA approval pathways and processes.

What will G100UL cost?
While the cost of the fuel has not been determined, Braly said the small-batch production process that will initially earmark the arrival of G100UL at airports means that the fuel will cost slightly more than leaded avgas. “Small volume batches cost money,” he said. “Until we can get [production] revved up that we’re making millions of gallons at a time, there will be an incremental [additional] cost,” he said. “It’s not going to be unreasonable,” he said. “Pilots in America will not be paying what they’re paying for avgas in Europe today.” And while they may pay a little more at the pump, owners can expect to see engines that operate more efficiently. “I think the days of cleaning spark plugs every 50 hours are going to be behind us for good,” Braly said.

Swift Fuels Inc., an Indiana-based company, has received FAA approval for its 94-octane unleaded fuel and has expanded its distribution, particularly to the West Coast. Swift Fuels’ 94-octane fuel meets some, but not all, of the demand of aircraft with low-compression engines. The company is developing a 100R unleaded fuel with more than 10 per cent renewable content. In addition, two fuel candidates are currently in the Piston Aviation Fuels Initiative testing process. AOPA continues to encourage all fuel manufacturers to follow through with their own formulations, Baker said. “We’d like to see several fuels available that all work together and blend together. Competition is always a good thing for the markets.” Source: ‚AOPA‚.

FAA ermittelt gegen Harrison Ford

Nach einem Zwischenfall auf einem kalifornischen Flugplatz ermittelt die US-Flugaufsichtsbehörde FAA gegen Hollywoodstar Harrison Ford. Die Maschine des Schauspielers überquerte eine Start- und Landebahn, auf der ein anderes Flugzeug gerade das Landen mit sofortigem Wieder-Durchstarten übte, wie die FAA am Mittwoch erklärte. Der 77-jährige Star aus Filmen wie „Indiana Jones“ und „Star Wars“ war vom Tower aufgefordert worden zu halten, hatte die Ansage aber offenbar falsch verstanden. „Entschuldigen Sie, Sir, ich dachte genau das Gegenteil. Es tut mir furchtbar leid“, sagt der Schauspieler in einem aufgezeichneten Funkspruch. Beide Maschinen waren bei dem Zwischenfall auf einem Flugplatz im Landkreis Los Angeles am Freitag rund einen Kilometer voneinander entfernt, niemand kam zu Schaden. Ein Sprecher des Schauspielers sagte der Nachrichtenagentur AFP, bei dem Vorfall habe „zu keiner Zeit die Gefahr eines Zusammenstoßes“ bestanden. Es ist nicht das erste Mal, dass der begeisterte Pilot Ford Ärger wegen seines Hobbys hat. 2017 entging er knapp einer Strafe, nachdem er auf einem anderen kalifornischen Flughafen die Lande- mit einer Rollbahn verwechselt hatte und mit seinem Kleinflugzeug dicht über eine Boeing 737 mit 116 Insassen hinweggeflogen war. Zwei Jahre zuvor musste er mit einem Oldtimer-Flugzeug nach einem Triebwerksausfall auf einem Golfplatz notlanden und erlitt dabei mehrere Knochenbrüche. Quelle: ‚Stuttgarter Zeitung‚.

FAA Warns Customers Away From Aircraft Ride Share Apps

The FAA is warning potential customers of aviation ride sharing apps likened to “Uber for airplanes,” that their trip might not meet the normal standards for fly-for-hire journeys. “If you pay for a charter flight you are entitled to a higher level of safety than is required from a free flight from a friend,” the agency said in an unusually pointed public statement. “Among other things, pilots who transport paying passengers must have the required qualifications and training, are subject to random drug and alcohol testing, and the aircraft used must be maintained to the high standards that the FAA’s charter regulations require.” At the same time it sent a letter to San Francisco-based BlackBird saying that its pilots must meet the terms of Part 119 operations. Throughout its website promotion material and its legal fine print, BlackBird insists that it is not an air carrier by matching passengers with available seats or aircraft. The FAA isn’t buying it, however, particularly when it comes to its stable of pilots. “We have little trouble concluding that the pilots listed on BlackBird’s pilot database selected by the user are transporting persons or property, from place to place, for compensation. Despite BlackBird’s assertion that the pilots are not transporting persons or property, it is clear that they are being hired for that very purpose.” BlackBird did not immediately respond to an email request for comment and its website remains active. Quelle: ‚‚.

Zivile Drohnen für die Luftfahrt keine Gefahr.

Wissenschaftler der George Mason University haben das Risiko, welches von zivilen Drohnen für die Luftfahrt ausgeht, untersucht. Das Ergebnis: Statistisch ist das Risiko so gering, dass es nur einmal in 187 Millionen Jahren Flugzeit zu einem tödlichen Unfall kommt. Die Wissenschaftler haben für ihre Berechnung durch die US-Flugaufsichtsbehörde FAA gemeldete Vogelschläge der letzten 25 Jahre ausgewertet. Diese wurden ins Verhältnis zu den etwa zehn Milliarden Vögeln in den USA gesetzt. Zudem wurde berücksichtig, dass nicht jeder Vogelzusammenstoß zu Schäden am Flugzeug oder gar zu einem Absturz führt. Die FAA registrierte in den vergangenen 25 Jahren 160.000 Kollisionen mit Tieren – davon waren lediglich 14.000 Zusammenstöße, die zu einer Beschädigung des Flugzeuges führten. Bisher ist nur ein einziges Mal ein Passagierflugzeug durch einen Vogelschlag verunglückt. Dies geschah im Jahr 2009, wo der US-Airways-Flug 1549 im Hudson River in New York notwassern musste. Die Zahlen zeigen zudem, dass es in den letzten 25 Jahren in den USA nur zwölf Zusammenstöße mit Flugzeugen und Tieren (Vögel, Hirsche, etc.) gab, bei denen Menschen starben. Mehr Informationen im Originalbericht von „Forschung und Wissen“.